What’s the Difference between a Single and Two Stage Air Compressor
Just as with other workshop tools, it is always challenging and difficult to decide which air compressor to choose owing to the fact that there are a number of factors to consider such as duration of operation, maximum pressure, expected lifespan of the compressor and the type to choose. Among the important consideration to make is choosing between single and two stage compressor. Here, you are going to learn about the differences between these types of best air compressor.
Check this if you have the problem with Troubleshooting an air compressor that won’s start
The major difference between these two types of air compressor as their name already tells you is the number of times their air is compressed. The air is compressed once in a single or one stage air compressor but in a two or dual stage system, the air is compressed two times. Air is pushed into the cylinder but in a single stage compressor, it is compressed to a pressure of approximately 120 PSI in a single piston stoke before it is moved into the air storage chamber of the device.
The process at the initial stage is the same in the dual or two stage air compressor. But after the initial piston stoke, the air is not sent to the storage chamber directly. It moves through an inter cooler to another smaller high pressure piston for further compression to a pressure of 175 PSI. It is after this second compression that the compressed air is sent to the storage chamber. This major difference in the process through which air is compressed matters a lot as it introduces other differences.
The single stage piston and dual stage compressor are slightly different in their structural designs. You can differentiate them by the look of their cylinders. Most of the single stage compressor have two cylinders like dual stage air compressor. But the designs of these cylinders are not the same. In a single stage air compressor, the outside diameter of the two cylinders are the same while in dual stage air compressor, one of the cylinders is larger than the other. The larger one is the first stage cylinder. The reason why a single stage cylinder comes with double cylinders is that it makes it easier for the device to balance than when it comes with a single cylinder.
Structurally also, the two stage air compressor has a finned housing or inter cooler tube which cools the air before the second compression takes place. It is attached to the pump.
The dual stage air compressor stores more compressed air because it has higher pressure which makes for enhanced storage of air in the chamber. For example, a tank of 80 gallon capacity can hold 83 cubic feet at 100 PSI. But at 150 psi, the same tank can also contain 120 cubic feet.
The header pipe pressure maintained by a two stage compressor is higher than the header pipe pressure maintained by a single stage compressor. The dual stage air compressor can maintain a header pipe pressure of 125 psi while the single stage compressor will only maintain a 90 psi header pipe pressure. Owing to this difference, dual stage air compressor are suitable for heavy task while single stage air compressors are suitable for light tasks.